This was an important form of revitalization of Christianity also there is throughout a spirituality that envelops the crusade. Becomes involved the people of God in the Mission. From the thirteenth century, and until the 16th century, a different process for the life of the Church is inaugurated. Appears what has been called the economy of benefit. It appears as a way of life. Trade, the market, which will progressively become cities.
The city is no longer that, 4 stones of the Roman Empire. But something more complete. During the feudal process, people lived in the field because the mode of life was Earth. There are peasants who can rid of subjection to Earth, and which begin to live with what they themselves grow. They begin to be exchanged in the crossroads, make this a market settle around the market, and that market is becoming increasingly in the medieval city, and then manufactured products this was all a change in mentalities and in the life of the world.
Because the passage of the field to the city, was the step of the traditionally feudal place, in which everything was jerarquerizado, in which power was absolutizado. Space of freedom in the city. There is almost no authorities. The authorities they are still in the field. Nor is the present Church, and a space in which reformulates the morals, customs the rhythm of life. This was a great challenge for the Church, because accompanied the process of moral change. The Church had a speech for the people from the countryside. But the city is something new, something that surprises everyone. Know renounce this new juncture. The Gospel. Nor think that farmers left their land. They stopped the submission to the Lord. They arrived in the city, and put its factories, and they spiked and they reached capitalism. Lest we think for example what happened here as a result of the agrarian reform.
This idea entrenched in the collective unconscious, sometimes stimulated by fear or complacency, was observed already by the Spanish Angel Gavinet 101 years ago: an army that fights with weapons of far-reaching, rapid fire machine guns and large-calibre guns, although it leaves the field of corpses, is a glorious army; and if the corpses are of black race, then said that there is no such corpses. A soldier who fights hand-to-hand and kills his enemy in a bayonetazo, begins to seem brutal; a dress in civilian clothes man, who fights and kills, we think is a killer. We do not look at the fact. We look at appearance (Idearium, 1897). But this perception is the product of a mere psychological nature but the laborious work of social power over the centuries. The founding myths preexist to any political change, any individual decision and even collective. Hence the endless frustrations before the political changes.
However, if we take a general look at history, we can suspect that there is something stronger than any social myth: the great movements of history the most undetectable, ideas about justice and power, freedom and slavery, the rebellion of the peoples and the arrogant power of the Caesars, persist or be radicalized. There is a noticeable change in our time that is consistent with this general movement in the history of the last centuries, which means the continuation of the values humanist who, although they have not been the dominant values, yes have been the most persistent and those who have more legitimised from the intellectual collapse of the European medieval theocracies. In our time that sign is the progressive separation of the popular beliefs of the imperial powers. If the mid-twentieth century Empire remained a word that filled with pride who represented for example, the brutal, British Empire like any other since the sixties has already confirmed as a sign of aggression and unjustifiable oppression. If in the middle of the same century the social narratura was still in the hands of a minority owner of the media and entertainment two paradoxical ideolexicos today the majority voice of those who have nothing of that power have discovered a new power. That voice has proven to be still immature and irresponsible. This new awareness is not yet aware of their power or used it to distract e, even for self-destruction. We can surmise, not without a high risk of being wrong, that much of the old mass that Ortega y Gasset despised still has not ceased to be herd and is still guided by the ancient social myths that oppress her.
But those people, that humanity is gradually creating a new culture, a new consciousness and a silent but unstoppable rebellion before historical aggression of the Caesars, of the negreros of the former owners of the world. Or perhaps we confuse desire with reality.
All previous experiences that occurred at the international level as the non-aligned in the period of the cold war or the great Arab oil blockade, doesn’t seem to serve you experience to the Venezuelan geostrategist. For him there to constitute another pole, simply, and seeks to make it on the basis of eager buyers of petroleum (China, Belarus), with other producers of strong or radicalized political regimes (Iran) or tigres apparently amellados teeth (Libya). Accompanied by the massive purchase of Russian arms and on a non-existent and alleged Russian protective blanket, not without calling the latter country taking a revival of past times. The proclamation of the USSR still exists is not a mistake or a boutade. It is a call to the Russia of Putin and Medvedev to more active against the hated American Empire and a repositioning of power, ignoring that the world can not build a multipolarity on the ruins of the bipolarity. The emergence of China or Brazil that indicates, to my understanding, is a world nopolar emersion. Chavez has a geostrategy.
Performs rational actions building it, accompanied by other irrational provoked by a despicable principle: its pole is lifted on the basis of countries that do not have democracy and where rampant personalism of the leader is the base. If its purpose is to achieve independence from the hated Empire you have to solve the contradiction of a continuous growth of bilateral trade and the sale of Venezuelan oil. And that is exactly what is trying to and will try to, especially because that element is perfectly meshed with its purpose of Venezuelan internal politics: retain power at any price and in any mode. There is no doubt that the talks with Mahmud Ahmadineyad have clarified to Chavez, who may not make the same mistakes of the Ayatollah who forgot about the multiple interests which had his country abroad, such as billions of dollars, all that was frozen just the Iranian Islamic revolution showed it was going to adopt a disruptive internal and external behavior.
All the Christians had been dispersed for the surrounding cities, except the apstolos. However, from this fact, the persecutions had happened of sporadical and located form. In year 67 d.C only is that the persecution against the followers of Jesus, had happened of universal form. Fox (CPAD, 2003) describes the ten great persecutions under the Roman Empire, that go of emperor Nero (67 d.C.) to emperor Diocleciano (312 d.C.), in almost two centuries and way of implacable martyrdom, cruelty and bath of blood registered in ecclesiastical history. However, although all these years, the church never left to exist and to continue to grow. At this time, to confess to be Christian, was the same that to be signed its proper sentence of death. Inside of this context of sufocamento of the faith and the Christian certification, the historicidade of the small Christian communities, as well as the apostlica continuity, had been inhibited according to factors that Aramis (Light and Life, 1999) indicates in them: ' ' …
1. The modstia and the simplicity of the apstolos did not become them biographical object of analysis for the first Christians; 2. The absence of a lasting historical perspective, on the part of the primitive church; 3.O silence of secular history before the o primitive Christianity; 4. The advent of the apostlica succession; 5. The increasing rivalry between the eastern church and occidental person and the race for the apostlicas relics … ' '.
Before the period of emperor Severo (222-235), was forbidden to construct to Christian temples or ecclesiastical building. Soon, the only form of if congregating as church happened in the houses. Many had been the attempts of if finishing with the church and erasing of on the face of the land the Christianity, however they had not obtained. Therefore the more blood was spilled during the persecutions, more the church grew and if it multiplied for where it wants that the dispersed ones were.