Etymology Ibiza Old Town. Although it was long believed that “Baleares” came from the ballein Greek word meaning “pitch,” has lately changed his mind and seems to rule out the Hellenic origin. The truth is that the Greeks used the word “Gimnesias” to refer to the islands of Menorca and Mallorca. In contrast, Carthaginians and Romans preferred the name “Balearic” to Menorca and Mallorca. They called Ibiza and Formentera Formentera. The name “Baleares” is not Greek but Punic. It comes from the plural “ba ‘l yaroh.” The noun “ba ‘le” means “those who exercise the office of” and acts as subject of the verb “yaroh” which means “throw stones.” The ultimate meaning would be something like “teachers launch.” And these masters of the launch were the slingers of the islands. Thus, Baleares means “slingers.” Classical authors such as Pliny and Diodorus have talked a lot about them.But is the story of Licofronte of Chalcis, where Alexandra hermetic poem (lines 633-641), when speaking of the refugees from the Trojan War who come to the Balearics, which he calls Gimnesias, which gives this description: Mahon. And others, after sailing as crabs on the rocks surrounded by sea Gimnesis, dragged their existence covered with hairy skin, without clothes, naked, armed with three double deep cordate. The mothers said their youngest children, fasting, the art of shooting, since none of them taste the bread in the mouth if earlier, precise stone, misses a piece placed on a white stick as Licofronte of Chalcis Alexandracolor This fame and probably over-population led to many of these islands slingers nurturing ended Carthaginian armies and, later, Roman. It seems that the habit of using the sling in the islands was not abandoned to the peasants until well into the twentieth century.In Menorca, until not long ago, there was a tradition that, for entry into certain trades, the candidate had it right with a stone, and without missing any draft, eight empty spaces between two bars.