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Hobsbawm Event

Posted by on October 19, 2012 | Comments Off on Hobsbawm Event

To think the call Industrial Revolution, as any another historical event, is to be ahead of a caleidoscpio that never will be unmasked, only observed of form fracionada for a look, full of anacronismos, a posteriori eager for felt that they perpassam a certain humanistically social direction. Eric Hobsbawm, of skillful form, analyzes this event, first can evoke the term in itself, that some historians had called of ' ' evolution industrial' ' , what it would send the certain darwinismo, the search for that defines a moment through a possible coherence narrative. Moreover, we deal with the revolution idea, making to emerge the conception of rupture, ' ' velho' ' ' ' novo' ' ahead of one another shock. Hobsbawm points a period with diverse nuances that they would propitiate or culminate in this historical event, not only restricted to an absolutism technological and scientific, in view of such processes to have if developed of more refined form in other parts of the planet, falling for land one simplista explanation concerning the phenomenon. For backwards of the Industrial Revolution the interest in the markets colonies and called &#039 existed; ' subdesenvolvidos' ' in overseas, Great-Britain imported its idea of ' ' progresso' ' , already with a culture of private profit and economic development introjetada in its governmental politics, with an agriculture being lead by entrepreneurs who ambicionavam a productive expansion that intended to take care of an urban growth, aiming at astronomical profits. Great-Britain had prominence in its algodoeira industry that is seen as handspike of its economic exspansionism, counting on exchange of enslaved man power that was current in the colonies, beyond acasos that they had mined the force of the competition, as the case of India, a species of terceirizao with the call ' ' system domstico' ' , also it sold at a loss the costs of British production.


Industrial Revolution

Posted by on October 5, 2012 | Comments Off on Industrial Revolution

99-100). Lafargue considers, of this form, a paradoxical inversion of the bourgeois and laboring values, considering the work a devilish vice and laziness the mother of the virtues. Thus, it intencionava to stimulate the reduction of the work time so that the laborers started to practise ‘ ‘ the virtues of preguia’ ‘ (good table, good house, good clothes, parties, dances, music, sex, occupation with the children, leisure and rest) and time to think and to enjoy of the culture and artes’ ‘ (CHAU, 1999, P. 44-5).

It is in this period of the Industrial Revolution, also, that the term leisure more passes to be used, also in substitution to the cio. ‘ ‘ The connotation of this vocbulo is come close to the license idea, good with of parcels of free time legally obtidas’ ‘ (BACAL, 2003, P. 69). Bacal affirms exactly that the preponderant factor in the reduction of the hours of working was the progress technician, who allowed that, with the reduction of the working hours if it considerably increased the volume of the industrial production. Dumazedier (2000) also affirms that the instauration of the day of eight hours, at the beginning of century XX, provoked hope and also the inquietude of the social reformadores how much to the organization of the times of lazeres, considering an interesting questioning: ‘ ‘ the set free time would be used for the bloom or the degradation of the personality? ‘ ‘ (P. 21). Beyond controlling the body and the mind of the workers by means of the organization of the work in ‘ ‘ systems of fbricas’ ‘ , the bourgeois society also controlled ‘ ‘ the proletarian conquests on the time of rest, or the call ‘ ‘ time livre’ ‘. The cultural industry, the industry of the fashion and the tourism, the industry of the sport and the leisure is structuralized in compliance with the requirements of the capitalist market, that was molded to the costs of the exploration of the work of the work force, that did not obtain to have right to laziness demanded for Lafargue.


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